By (imperfect) living-pterosaur expert Jonathan D. Whitcomb

Late on the night of January 16, 2018, (9:00-11:45 p.m. Pacific time) I, Jonathan Whitcomb, was interviewed by Dave Scott on Spaced Out Radio (online radio broadcasting from British Columbia, Canada). One of my associates phoned me, the next day, unhappy with my neglect: For one thing, I had said nothing about the importance of the Ark of Genesis in living-pterosaur investigations. I am sorry for my imperfections, and I now plan to correct that neglect with the following steps, and possibly with more:

  1. I’ll be prepared to mention the Ark in future talk-show interviews
  2. I’ll mention the Biblical perspective more in my writings, incl. on Flood-of-Genesis (dot-com)
  3. I’ll write at least one book emphasizing the Ark’s importance regarding living-pterosaurs

At the beginning of this interview on Spaced Out Radio, Mr. Scott referred to me as a man of faith. I hope that I, imperfect as I am, will live up to that. Near the beginning of the discussion, I mentioned my Evolutionary Boundary simulation many years ago, although I may not have mentioned the name of it. To be brief, it showed me that Darwin’s concept of survival of the fittest actually makes his concept of evolution impossible: Small simple forms of life cannot evolve into larger complex forms of life BECAUSE of natural selection.


Genesis-Ark replica in the Netherlands

Replica of the Ark of Noah, in the Netherlands

Biblical Ark and Modern Pterosaurs

Let’s keep this short and simple. The primary foundation for belief in scriptures, and belief in the literal ark of Noah, is in faith. That does not mean blind faith, believing without any reason to believe, but it can mean taking one or two steps onto the path ahead, even when the light does not yet quite reach that far.

The Ark we read about in Genesis was constructed to protect basic forms of life that would not have survived without protection. Birds and pterosaurs could have flown above the flood waters for a time, of course, but they would not generally have been able to survive long without a place to rest. I believe a number of species of pterosaurs were kept on the Ark, as well as a number of dinosaurs.

Why do I believe in modern-day living pterosaurs? Because many persons, from many cultures and backgrounds and from many areas of the planet, have seen those flying creatures.

(The photo shown above is not to be confused with the Ark replica in Kentucky.)



Spaced-Out Radio interview of Jonathan Whitcomb

(audio) Host Dave Scott and guest (JW) discuss living pterosaurs


Ark Encounter in Kentucky

Ark Encounter features a full-size Noah’s Ark, built according to the dimensions given in the Bible. Spanning 510 feet long, 85 feet wide, and 51 feet high, this modern engineering marvel amazes visitors . . .


Where Living Pterosaurs Have Been Reported

  • Africa
  • Australia
  • Canada
  • England
  • Papua New Guinea
  • United States of America
  • and many other countries worldwide


Reply to a Newspaper Article in North Carolina

The News & Observer published an article, earlier this week, about a sighting by Cynthia Lee and about my ideas on non-extinct “pterodactyls,” including pterosaur sightings in Raleigh, North Carolina.


Texas and Living Pterosaurs

They only appear a few times each year, but they always come back. Sometimes a ball of light seems to split into two, with a separation and eventual reunion [Marfa Lights]


Replica of Noah’s Ark

Asked how Johan’s Ark compares with the Ark Encounter project planned for Kentucky, Zovath said that while both arks are built to biblical measurements, the Ark Encounter project addresses the shipbuilding processes Noah likely used. Huibers utilized steel barges welded together and then covered with wood, and he also modified the design to accommodate a more “free-flowing” crowd.


Living Pterosaurs – a proclamation

The second part of PLP goes into more details, regarding encounters with apparent extant pterosaurs, compared with DLP, and there is limited overlapping of what sightings are covered. Here in PLP are more of the earlier reports that I, Jonathan Whitcomb, received in my earlier years of my investigation.

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Old Sightings of Modern Pterosaurs

On January 4, 2018, in sighting in North America, by Jonathan Whitcomb

By the living-pterosaur author Jonathan Whitcomb

Many years ago, I tried (without success) to get in touch with Allison Jornlin, the writer of an article on a pterosaur sighting in Wisconsin: “PTERODACTYLS OVER WISCONSIN — STRANGE THINGS ARE HAPPENING IN THE SKY!” (copyright 2001). It’s no longer available on the site, but it can still be seen here:

Mothman, Owlman and the Pterosaur (Eyewitness accounts) (2/3 down the page)


Overview of that “Pterodactyl” Sighting in Wisconsin

Kevin paced the waiting room floor in the Elmbrook Memorial Hospital in Brookfield, Wisconsin, as his first child was about to be born. Looking out the window, however, he saw something unexpected arriving, and the news about it would not likely cause him to be congratulated.

The bat-like flying creature “was bigger than a full-size pickup truck, but smaller than a Piper Cub plane.” He soon ran out of words to describe it except for one: pterodactyl. He estimated that the wingspan was 12-15 feet.


“Pterodactyl” Sighting in Bowmansville, New York

On May 26th 2007, my friend and I were canoeing in the creek accessed from my back yard when we sighted a very strange creature that we had both thought to be a prehistoric bird. Immediately, I thought “pterodactyl”. It was a greyish color with no apparent feathers.


Pterosaur Sighting at Night in Ohio

The weather was absolutely beautiful and calm with a bright full moon,  not a cloud in the sky and it was the night of the Eclipse at 11:15 PM,  June 26th, 2010, and it was on Rt 309, Mile Marker 7 . . . I just can’t get this out of my mind. I did not know who to contact about it either so thank you [Jonathan Whitcomb] for your quick response.


“Greetings from Nicaragua” (*one of the sightings was in about 2009)

Hi Mr Whitcomb – Searching for information of pterosarus [sic] I found your web page and would like to
share with you a sighting . . . [from] more than *five years ago . . . [my wife and I were] amazed for the looks of the animal. Even though it was high in the sky, it seemed to be big and featherless. . . . Years went by and today speaking with a good friend he told me his wife and Sister in law had seen a big bird on a rainy day and that with his wings he produced a lot of wind and noise. They say that each wing could have measured 5 mts [total wingspan maybe over 30 feet], her sighting happened 17 years ago and was not in rural area [but] just 10 km away from the capital where I also saw it.



Pterosaur in Wisconsin

From the post “Frightening Pterosaur Sightings in the USA”

. . . it looked like something straight out of the dinosaurs era. It scared the . . . out of me right away. I knew it was not a sand hill crane . . . What stood out was the long pointed head and the fact that there was a very long tail between the legs and with a ball shaped on the end of it . . .


Pterodactyl near Buffalo, New York

It coasted in movement; I don’t recall the wings flapping. It was off into the distance, so size is difficult to determine. I would estimate the wing span to be six feet.


Ohio Pterosaurs

“I was driving on Route 309, just outside of Kenton, Ohio, perfectly clear night [full moon] . . . I had a creature swoop down and glide over my hood of my car. It glided smoothly and looked like a Pterodactyl . . .”


Pterosaur Sighting in Nicaragua

For the past eleven years, I (Jonathan Whitcomb) have interviewed eyewitnesses of apparent pterosaurs from various areas of the world. Many of those whom I have questioned report a flying creature resembling what my associates and I call ropens.


Where Living Pterosaurs Have Been Reported

  • Africa
  • Australia
  • Canada
  • Cuba
  • England
  • India
  • Indonesia
  • Iraq
  • Lithuania
  • Malaysia
  • Mexico
  • Netherlands
  • Nicaragua
  • Panama
  • Papua New Guinea
  • Singapore
  • Spain
  • United States of America


Photo of a modern pterosaur

Until four years ago, I had mostly avoided using the “Pteranodon photo” in my writings. Part of my reluctance was in thinking that it appeared too good to be true . . .


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By living-pterosaur expert Jonathan Whitcomb

The following are the words of a native of Papua New Guinea. He will begin leading an expedition, we hope within a few weeks, on Umboi Island. The ropen search will probably last longer than any previous living-pterosaur expedition ever conducted in this area of the world.

Be aware that what follows are answers to specific questions regarding health precautions for expedition members, videotaping times, and getting local village permission to search particular jungle locations.

Also be aware that not all of these plans and ideas are necessarily completely what I would agree with or with what my own priorities would be if I were leading a ropen expedition on Umboi Island. With that said, I expect that this native will have more success than I had when I searched for ropens on that tropical island.

1: Health=health & safety are paramount issues in any field related physical or chemical tasks. Thus, my boys have to know how to get right dose based on prescriptions. So 4 able young men who have a fair bit of education will be entrusted to do this job in 4 different expedition camps. THERE ARE MANY PRIMARY AND HIGH SCHOOL DROPOUTS IN TARAWE VILLAGE ON UMBOI ISLAND, WHO WILL BE NOMINATED TO DO THIS JOB.

Tropical jungle diseases like malaria, cold, fever and flu are common and their symptoms are quit easy to detect and will direct the boys on what drugs to take for cure.

Remember, any serious casualties and serious illnesses which we can not interpret will be referred straight to German built health center to Finchaffen across Vitiaz Strait through rough seas. If that referral needs serious medical treatment or operation, then the patient will be transported further to Lae city on the same speed boat.

2: Filming times=

(i) At dawn a close watch is essential. It starts at 4:30 am till 5:30 am when sun comes up. Within this 1 hour period is the time birds wake up from their nests and sing. This is the crucial time when Ropen has always been seen to fly over tree canopies from one place to another. Timing of 6:30 am – 7:30 am are to be considered too because anything can happen within this time frame as jungle darkness will be evident by tree canopies and mountain clouds and fogs cover.

(ii) at dusk all cameras will be manned vigilantly at 5:45 pm-7:00 pm because this is the period Ropen is hungry and would want to feed on anything edible. Locals believe that this is the time it returns to its home from hunting trips from place to place. 4:30 am-5:45 am is on crucial watching time too because of cloud covers that make jungles gloomy and dark too quickly. REMEMBER, ROPEN HAS A CHARACTERISTIC THAT FAVOURS THESE TIMINGS.

(iii) daylight filming is 100% on because anything can pop up during day. But occasionally, chances of filming Ropen during daylight is slim.

(iv) Camera flash lights are vital. Greg Hedger’s Panasonic Full HD camcorder (5.1 inch, 29.8 mm wide and 20.4 mega pixel) has potential to do this night vision job. I need 4 digital cameras with flash lights that will support this camcorder. At least 4 Canon cameras with 10.0 mega pixels will do. EVIDENTLY NO STILL CAMERAS TO AFFORD SO WILL EMPLOY NATIVES TO USE JUNGLE KNOWLEDGE ON HOW TO AMBUSH AND HUNT WILD ANIMALS DURING HUNTING BY HIDING HUMAN SCENT AND TRACES THAT WILL SCARE ITS APPROACH FOR BAIT THAT WILL LURE IT.

3: Permission for Sacred Sites=It is a MUST THING. I have to get special permissions to film and I have to do it because without release I might face obstacles. Some of these taboo grounds got human bones that are used for spiritual worships.

Bones are remainants of grave yard dug by ropen for its food. Taboo sites are attached with evil spells. Traditionally, if someone trespasses without permissions, he/she faces death. TO CATER FOR ANY OPPOSITION FROM CUSTOMARY LAND LORDS, I GOT TO PAY SOME MONEY TO MAKE EASY ACCESS TO THESE SPIRITUALLY POSSESSED ZONES. SO JUNGLE JUSTICE IS EVIDENT ON UMBOI ISLAND TERRAINS.


near Lab Lab on Umboi Island, Papua New Guinea

Near Lab Lab on Umboi Island, Papua New Guinea (2004 expedition by Whitcomb)



Ropen of Umboi Island

Just weeks after my 2004 expedition on Umboi Island, the cryptozoologists Garth Guessman and David Woetzel interviewed Umboi native eyewitnesses with systematic interview forms . . .


What is a Ropen?

How often we’ve been taught that all dinosaurs and pterosaurs became extinct millions of years ago, as if that were proven! But what if some are still living?


Books for LDS readers

With the Christmas gift-giving season approaching, I offer the following three nonfiction books that I have written, each of them about evidences for non-extinct pterosaurs, what many Westerners call “pterodactyls.”


Books by Mormon Authors

This includes the cryptozoology book Searching for Ropens and Finding God.


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I’ll not here mention the name of any critic of living-pterosaur (LP) investigations. One skeptic has been especially vocal in attacking my writings. I don’t accuse him of dishonesty, and I appreciate his care in also avoiding that kind of stand when he writes about me. (He has mentioned my name hundreds of times in his online criticisms of LP-relevant research in cryptozoology.) But he seems to have fallen into a severe combination of bias issues including both confirmation bias and belief perseverance, regarding his ideas about the old photo that is now known as “Ptp.”

Before getting into the old photograph, which has an image of an apparent pterosaur, let’s consider problems that can get in the way of learning the truth. Let’s examine the bias of belief perseverance.


Pterosaurs seen by Eskin Kuhn

Two pterosaurs observed in Cuba in 1971


A Jumping Fish Falls Flat

He is certainly not alone, falling into these kinds of errors. Another vocal skeptic once jumped to the conclusion that a sighting of an apparent pterosaur, a creature seen flying over a city, was just a fish leaping out of water, something like a stingray. How did that other critic of LP investigations make that mistake? After all, I was the cryptozoologist who received the original report from the eyewitness, and I was well aware that the thing was observed flying over a city. This requires explaining.

At first, this other critic read only a partial account of the sighting. That short version said that the eyewitness went to some fishermen who had also seen that kind of flying creature, yet it included almost no details about the sighting made by the man who later reported it to me: It said nothing about flying over a city. The skeptic who read that account then concluded that it was only a ray-fish of some kind, jumping out of water.

When I informed the skeptic that the full story included a description of a creature flying above a city (not over water), he refused to change his opinion that it had been only a fish. He seems to have become too attached to that one link (fishermen) that had formed a story in his imagination.

To me, that sounds a lot like a case of belief perseverance. To better understand this particular case, we need to be aware that the critic of my investigation had already formed a hypothesis about some reports of apparent living pterosaurs in Africa. He had concluded that they had come from stingrays, and similar fishes, jumping out of water. In other words, he had become enamored with jumping stingrays before he encountered the short-story version of the sighting report from the Philippines.

I don’t mean to imply that his conjecture never flies at any time, never over any body of water on or near any continent on the planet. On occasion, somebody might make a mistake like that.

I also don’t imply that those fishermen never made any mistake, either in their own previous sightings or in their comparing their encounters with the one that was reported to me. I do suggest that this kind of misidentification is much less frequent than he imagines and that he allowed himself to be caught up in biased thinking, after he read something about some fishermen. Taking all the above into account, this appears to be a classic case of belief perseverance.

Sightings of Apparent Pterosaurs in California and in Texas

Another skeptic took that idea of jumping fish and also ran with it. He said that many reported sightings of apparent pterosaurs in the United States are in California, Texas, and South Carolina. He implied that some of the encounters could have been this kind of misidentification: seeing a fish leaping out of water and mistaking it for a modern pterosaur.

Several problems jump out at me here. For one, California and Texas have two things in common other than their having oceanic coastlines, and both of them are very relevant. For the 48 Contiguous states, those two are the largest in both human population and in land area. In other words, if anybody sees almost anything flying in the USA, it may be possible for them to see it in California or in Texas. In both of those states, we have plenty of land area for flying creatures to live and plenty of people to see them.

The big problem with the jumping-fish conjecture, however, is that the great majority of sightings are over land. In addition, some of them involve flights over trees, with some observations measured in minutes instead of seconds. No, the jumping stingray fails to fly in the vast majority of cases.

Confirmation Bias

The skeptic who mentioned sightings in California, Texas, and South Carolina may have fallen into a confirmation bias. With data that could be interpreted in more than one way, he was attracted to one line of thinking. He latched onto the jumping-fish because it appeared to be another way to explain away sightings of apparent pterosaurs.

If he had insisted that the fish conjecture was correct, he would have involuntarily signaled that he had fallen into that kind of bias. He did not insist on that, but look at the big picture.

The way he brought up that idea did suggest to me that he had failed to be objective. If it was not a mild case of confirmation bias, it was something similar, a problem in reasoning that prevented him from thinking clearly about sighting reports of apparent pterosaurs. We can only see this when taken in perspective:

He wrote about the jumping-fish conjecture inside a very long online article he had published, with every part of it orchestrated to try to convince people that no species of pterosaur is still living. It seems that he had read about the other skeptic’s ideas about jumping stingrays and he grabbed onto it, flying with a flimsy conjecture, even if it was only a flight of a few seconds.

Objective or Biased With the “Civil War” Photo

I had come to a firm belief in modern pterosaurs ten years before I first examined details in the photograph that is now called “Ptp.” I began my living-pterosaur investigation in 2003 and took my first close look at Ptp in 2013. That puts up a small window to look at how I was thinking at the end of those ten years.

If I had suffered from any kind of severe bias, in 2013, I would surely have quickly concluded that the photo had an image of a real pterosaur, for I had already concluded that modern pterosaurs were indeed real. Yet after my initial examination of details, I found myself lingering about halfway between belief and disbelief, regarding the possibility that the animal was an actual pterosaur.

Ptp photograph - Civil War soldiers - pterosaur

The Ptp photograph from about pre-1870, confirmed in early 2017 to be genuine

Only after communicating with two experts, in January of 2017, did I eventually come to fully believe that Ptp had a genuine image of a modern pterosaur, and that was a process in which I analyzed the photo in detail in a number of places and in a number of ways. (The two men were the canoe expert Tom Payne and the physicist Clifford Paiva.)

Even after January, I still allowed a doubt to creep in, because of the apparent possibility that one wing may have been duplicated and reversed and used, through digital image manipulation, in making the other wing. I investigated that possibility with an open mind and found that it was not so: One wing was not made from the other one (as in the case of a potential Photoshop hoax).

In other words, my approach to this photograph has been impartial, with all possibilities open to evaluation. I do not declare that every aspect of my new book, Modern Pterosaurs, is without fault in covering all relevant details, but it surely must be better than no book on this subject. It was written quickly, in this first edition, so why would anyone expect it to be close to perfection?

The Critic of the “Pterodactyl” Photograph

The skeptic in question, however, has railed against my book and against all potential evidences that may appear to favor the possibility of any species of pterosaur still surviving. I have reasons for not mentioning his name in this post on The Bible and Modern Pterosaurs and feel no need to explain.

For years, he had the Ptp photo on one of his web pages. He declared that it was a known hoax associated with a television show. Only after I had informed him of his mistake did he make a correction, showing both the Ptp photo and the TV-show hoax photo together for comparison.

Yet his first thought, when I had informed him of his mistake in confusing the two photos, was to wonder if Ptp was also a hoax that had been constructed by the same TV production company. That by itself does not prove that the skeptic had fallen into belief perseverance, but he continued with similar thinking.

After I communicated with him, he added tens of thousands of words to his online attacks against evidences for modern pterosaurs. Part of that vast accumulation of paragraphs was an attack against the authenticity of Ptp.

In other words, he seems to have jumped from thinking Ptp was a TV-show-hoax-photo to knowing it was not that photo but assuming it was also a hoax. That sounds, to me, like greater evidence of belief perseverance.

Yet he seems to have continued in that kind of bias, for his criticisms remained the same from before the publication of Modern Pterosaurs to after he had read the book. If he had been truly objective, he would probably have mentioned at least one of my points in some kind of positive light. Yet he continues to mention Ptp only as if it were perfectly worthless in giving any credence to the possibility there is any species of modern pterosaur.

I agree in one general point that this critic has made: We need to beware of extreme claims. Yet my associates and I have not declared that Ptp, in all the details in all of its parts, is perfect scientific evidence for a species of modern pterosaur. This critic, however, has continued his attacks (which started many years ago) in the most extreme way of writing, with only one point of view allowed: absolute extinctions of all species of pterosaurs.

Does Whitcomb Exaggerate the Extreme Position of This Critic?

We could look at a number of examples, but let’s conclude with the following. He ridicules the lack of details regarding the origin of Ptp. I agree that a copy of a mid-20th-century book in our hands, with a clear image of Ptp, would be far better for the case made by me and Clifford Paiva than our present lack of knowledge. But look at how he describes the failure that Paiva and I have had over the past few months: He refers to the origin of Ptp as being “untraceable.” In reality, Paiva and I have not given up on finding a copy of the book that many persons remember seeing in the mid-20th century. What is more extreme than saying that the origin of a photograph is untraceable?


Copyright 2017 Jonathan David Whitcomb


A partial reply to Glen Kuban

Last month, I contacted the writer Glen Kuban, informing him of his long-standing mistake in assuming that there was only one Civil-War-soldiers-with-a-dead-pterodactyl photograph. . . .


Is “Modern Pterosaurs” a Creationist Book?

. . . if you’re looking for a new book about Biblical Creation in general, this might not satisfy you. What about the greatest scientific discovery of recent decades, one that supports the literal Flood of Genesis? That’s another story, and it’s in this nonfiction book.


Confirmation bias and a photograph of a modern pterosaur

. . . the critic may have then fallen into belief perseverance, or something like it, assuming that Ptp was also a hoax. A person can sometimes fall into both confirmation bias and belief perseverance.


Glen Kuban and Confirmation Bias

In keeping with his tendency to fall into this kind of error, he has recently fallen into confirmation bias in his writings on the Ptp photograph that the physicist Clifford Paiva and I have been examining. He [Glen Kuban] mentions that the animal in this photo resembles a Pteranodon (apparently meaning it gives some persons that impression), but he gives two lists of reasons why the animal differs from what is now known to paleontologists from fossils of the Pteranodon. He gives those two lists as if they were evidence against that animal being a modern pterosaur.


Monster head in a “Civil War” photograph

This is a brief history of the living-pterosaur investigation of the American cryptozoologist Jonathan Whitcomb, who is one of two scientists who proclaimed, early in 2017, that an image of an apparent Pteranodon in an old photo is a genuine image of a real animal.



Nonfiction book in harmony with the Biblical Flood of Noah

The new nonfiction cryptozoology book Modern Pterosaurs

“A scientific discovery in harmony with the Bible” (from the copyright page)



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I want to be objective about this photo that appears to have come from around the time of the American Civil War, and it looks like it has a dead Pteranodon on the ground. If I’ve missed something important, please contact me.

The official name for the photograph is Ptp, but it’s also known as the “Civil War pterodactyl photo.” A rumor includes a reference to Vicksburg, Mississippi, a city I once lived in, and a word for the animal: “monster.”

Don’t confuse it with the Haxan Films fake photo, which was contrived to look like Ptp but is a manipulated image from about the year 2000. Even just a casual glance at the two photos, side-by-side, reveals those are completely different in origin, meaning that one of them was not manipulated to create the other. They are related, however, for the Haxan hoax was made with Ptp as its model, and that has caused confusion, for people don’t always get the opportunity to see the two photos together. Many persons probably assume there’s only one photo, if they know anything about it.

The original Civil War pterosaur photo

People seem to remember Ptp from one or more books, from around the 1950’s or 1960’s, perhaps the 1970’s. At any rate, it seems to have existed from before Photoshop existed. Tom Payne, something of an expert on canoes, told me that he remembers this photo from before the existence of Photoshop. He also told me that the apparent wings of the animal are not halves of a canoe.

Jonathan Whitcomb and Clifford Paiva declared that this is a genuine image of a modern pterosaur

That’s when I fell out of the canoe conjecture. For years, perhaps decades, I had a feeling that those wings looked like some kind of canoe. In 2013, I looked deeper, testing to see if the canoe idea would hold water. I found it difficult to keep my balance in that kind of apparent boat, for no canoe in North America seemed like what I saw in that photo. The canoe expert Tom Payne, early in 2017, knocked me completely out of that boat idea.

Then I saw the astonishing conclusion: If this is not a photo of men standing around a model “pterodacyl,” what else could this be than a Civil War pterosaur photo? That’s when I phoned my friend in California, the physicist Cliff Paiva. He confirmed to me his findings: This is a genuine image with a real animal.

Paiva suggested I write a small book on our evidences of authenticity in the photo. I then wrote Modern Pterosaurs. I really have tried to be objective, but the skeptical criticisms of Ptp have completely failed to explain away this photo. Whether a monster or a pterosaur, the animal is real.


Copyright 2017 Jonathan D. Whitcomb


Civil War pterosaur photo

It’s possible for two similar photos to both be fake. But when one of them was made to closely imitate the older one, it is at least a little suspicious. A counterfeit bill is most likely to be made in imitation of a genuine bill, not another counterfeit. We don’t have an exact correlation between that and the two Civil War pterosaur photos, but there’s enough of a relationship to now deserve our attention.

Dinosaur and Pterosaur Extinction

Consider the following direct evidence for the authenticity of the “pterodactyl photograph” and its significance. Earlier this year (2017), the physicist Cliff Paiva and I independently examined belt buckles on those soldiers in Ptp. We both came to the same conclusion: The soldier that appears to be standing in front of the animal is indeed closer to the camera than the other soldiers.

Pterosaur Photo

About the book Modern Pterosaurs


Nonfiction book in harmony with the Biblical Flood of Noah

Purchase your own copy of Modern Pterosaurs


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Dinosaur Extinction

On April 8, 2017, in philosophy, sighting in North America, by Jonathan Whitcomb

Concepts about dinosaur and pterosaur extinction, in light of the “Pteranodon Photo.”

By the nonfiction cryptozoology author Jonathan David Whitcomb

Consider the following direct evidence for the authenticity of the “pterodactyl photograph” and its significance. Earlier this year (2017), the physicist Cliff Paiva and I independently examined belt buckles on those soldiers in Ptp. We both came to the same conclusion: The soldier that appears to be standing in front of the animal is indeed closer to the camera than the other soldiers.

Genuine image of a pterosaur verified by two scientists

Examinations of both buckles and buttons confirms that this photograph is genuine


Quoting from the book

The Photoshop conjecture was so popular among many skeptics, before 2017, that I decided to look closer at those images of six men in Ptp. . . .

I numbered the men behind the animal (Figure-22) left to right: BS1  to BS5, knowing the man in front (FS) is closer to us, if the photo is genuine. Magnifying the image until the pixels could be counted, I found that FS has a wider belt buckle, later confirmed by Paiva . . .

I ran a similar test on buttons, finding the width for FS to be slightly greater, consistent with the buckles test.


Consistent evidence that no Photoshop hoax was involved

The image-sizes of both belt buckles and buttons shows that Photoshop manipulation was unlikely in the “Pteranodon photo.” Those apparent Union Civil War soldiers were apparently standing just as they seem to be, when the photograph was recorded. But was it actually during the American Civil War?

I don’t know (as of April 8, 2017) of anything in the photo itself that indicates that it was recorded before hostilities ceased in 1865. We do have evidence that it was before about the year 1870: the tree-branch prop under the beak.


evidence of pre-1870 photography in this Civil War photo of a pterosaur

Direct evidence of the use of a prop, consistent with pre-1870 photography


Photographers in the 1860’s would use props to help keep people from moving during the many seconds involved in taking photographs. In the above magnification, we see what appears to be a tree branch positioned under the beak of the apparent Pteranodon. This is perfectly consistent with the concept that the photo was taken before about 1870.


In spite of the philosophy of Charles Darwin and the dogma of universal extinctions of all types of dinosaurs and pterosaurs, we now have direct evidence that not all “pterodactyls” became extinct many millions of years ago. The photo we now call “Ptp” is from the 19th-century and apparently was recorded in North America, where countless eyewitness continue to see large featherless flying creatures, still living, that are very much unlike any bird or bat.

Of course many species have probably become extinct at some time in the past. But the Flood of Noah resulted in near extinctions rather than total extinctions. And whatever humans have done, over the past few thousands of years, to cause pterosaur extinctions, not all of their species have become extinct.


Copyright 2017 Jonathan David Whitcomb (“Dinosaur Extinction”)


The Pteranodon Photo

What may appear, on the surface, to be damning evidence that Ptp is a hoax is, in reality, easily answered. Not only does the apparent evidence for a fraud fall apart . . . but we actually have direct and indirect evidence that this old photograph, with apparent Civil War soldiers, actually comes from that period of history, and those men are probably actual American soldiers.


Civil War Pteranodon Photo

The winged creature with a Pteranodon-like head . . . —that was officially declared to be a genuine pterosaur by Clifford Paiva and me, Jonathan Whitcomb, on January 14, 2017.


Civil War Pterosaur Photo

Paiva has much experience in analyzing photographs. My background is more with eyewitness testimonies. Still, I was once a professional event videographer, with experience videotaping weddings, parties, and other events. That experience helped me see something in the Ptp photo, an apparently minor detail that most people would never notice. (See below: “Dragging the Pterosaur Across the Ground.”)


Modern Pterodactyl

Gideon Koro was a teenager when he and his friends encountered the giant ropen, as it flew over the crater lake, just north of his village. About ten years later, in 2004, the American cryptozoologist Jonathan Whitcomb interviewed Gideon and two of the other eyewitnesses.


Civil War Pterodactyl Photo

We also need to understand that a more-recent imitation photo is a hoax, or at least a virtual hoax, created for a TV show. Do not confuse these two photos, for on the surface they appear similar. Some persons have been confused, thinking there is only one photograph.


Extant pterosaur in an old photograph

On January 14, 2017, Clifford Paiva (a physicist in California) and I spoke by phone and agreed that the following photo has an image of a real animal, with real wings.


Modern Pterosaurs is in harmony with the Flood of Noah

“Many of those who’ve searched for extant pterosaurs, and interviewed eyewitnesses, believe in the Bible, and that includes belief in the literal Flood as recorded in Genesis. We see modern species of pterosaurs as being in perfect harmony with the Flood of Noah.”


new non-fiction book about non-extinct pterosaurs

“A scientific discovery in harmony with the Flood of Noah in . . . the Bible”


Get your own copy of this extraordinary book about the discovery of a photograph of a modern pterosaur and how it relates to human encounters with these wonderful featherless flying creatures that are seen around the world.

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